"Advertisement" means any word, letter, model, sign, placard, board, notice, awning, blind, device or representation, whether illuminated or not, in the nature of, and employed wholly or partly for the purposes of, advertisement, announcement or direction, (without prejudice to the previous provisions of this definition) includes any hoarding or similar structure used, or designed, or adapted for use, and anything else principally used or designed or adapted principally for use, for the display of advertisements shall be construed accordingly.
"Agriculture" includes horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming, the breeding and keeping of livestock (including any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skin or fur, or for the purpose of its use in the farming of land), the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land or other agricultural purposes, and agricultural shall be construed accordingly.
"Building" includes any structure or erection, and any part of a building, as so defined, but does not include plant or machinery comprised in a building.
"Building Operations" includes rebuilding operations, structural alterations of or additions to buildings, and other operations normally undertaken by a person carrying on business as a builder.
Breach of Condition Notice - as defined in Town & Country Planning Act 1990 S.187A
Brownfield Sites - is a term generally used to
describe what is now identified in planning terms as "Previously Developed
Land"; that is, land that has generally had some substantive form of
development upon it in the past. The term is generally being interpreted by
caselaw (and in some Local Plans) as to the nature and extent of what may
qualify. You can have both urban and rural brownfield sites or land. Such land
is preferred for new development before
"Clearing" - in relation to land means the removal of buildings or materials from the land, the levelling of the surface of the land, and the carrying out of such other operations in relation to it as may be prescribed.
"Common" - includes any land subject to be enclosed under the Enclosure Acts and any town or village green.
Conservation Areas are, "areas of special architectural or historic interest the character and appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance". (Civic Amenities Act 1967)
Curtilage The curtilage of a building is land within which the building is set and which belongs (or once belonged) to it and is or once was used in conjunction with it. The extent of the curtilage can be hard to determine. It may, for example in the case of a residential property simply extend to the full land ownership including the garden. A farm, can extend to include barns, stables and sheds. However, it does not always follow that land within the same ownership can be considered curtilage. Some parts of larger gardens may be viewed as beyond the curtilage.
DEVELOPMENT - "... 'development' means the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land ..."
Section 55 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 states that:-
Meaning of “development” and “new development”
(1) Subject to the following provisions of this section, in this Act, except where the context otherwise requires, “development,” means the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land.
(2) The following operations or uses of land shall not be taken for the purposes of this Act to involve development of the land—
(a) the carrying out for the maintenance, improvement or other alteration of any building of works which—
(i) affect only the interior of the building, or
(ii) do not materially affect the external appearance of the building,
and are not works for making good war damage or works begun after 5th December 1968 for the alteration of a building by providing additional space in it underground;
(b) the carrying out on land within the boundaries of a road by a local highway authority of any works required for the maintenance or improvement of the road;
(c) the carrying out by a local authority or statutory undertakers of any works for the purpose of inspecting, repairing or renewing any sewers, mains, pipes, cables or other apparatus, including the breaking open of any street or other land for that purpose;
(d) the use of any buildings or other land within the curtilage of a dwellinghouse for any purpose incidental to the enjoyment of the dwellinghouse as such;
(e) the use of any land for the purposes of agriculture or forestry (including afforestation) and the use for any of those purposes of any building occupied together with land so used;
(f) in the case of buildings or other land which are used for a purpose of any class specified in an order made by the Secretary of State under this section, the use of the buildings or other land or, subject to the provisions of the order, of any part of the buildings or the other land, for any other purpose of the same class.
(3) For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that for the purposes of this section—
(a) the use as two or more separate dwellinghouses of any building previously used as a single dwellinghouse involves a material change in the use of the building and of each part of it which is so used;
(b) the deposit of refuse or waste materials on land involves a material change in its use, notwithstanding that the land is comprised in a site already used for that purpose, if—
(i) the superficial area of the deposit is extended, or
(ii) the height of the deposit is extended and exceeds the level of the land adjoining the site.
(4) For the purposes of this Act mining operations include—
(a) the removal of material of any description—
(i) from a mineral-working deposit;
(ii) from a deposit of pulverised fuel ash or other furnace ash or clinker; or
(iii) from a deposit of iron, steel or other metallic slags; and
(b) the extraction of minerals from a disused railway embankment.
(5) Without prejudice to any regulations made under the provisions of this Act relating to the control of advertisements, the use for the display of advertisements of any external part of a building which is not normally used for that purpose shall be treated for the purposes of this section as involving a material change in the use of that part of the building.
(6) In this Act “new development” means any development other than development of a class specified in Part I or Part II of Schedule 3; and Part III of that Schedule has effect for the purposes of Parts I and II.
DEVELOPMENT PLANS - includes Structure Plans, Local Plans, Unitary Development Plans, Minerals Plans
"Engineering Operations" - includes the formation or laying out of a means of access to highways.
ENVIRONMENT AGENCY : www.environment-agency.gov.uk particularly useful for Flood Risk Maps.
ENGLISH NATURE - The various regional offices can be located at: www.english-nature.org.uk